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<スマートテレビ> 米国FCCのオープンインターネット法案に対し賛否両論が!!


 ニューヨークタイムス誌ですが米国FCC(連邦通信委員会)が議会に説明し、提案した新しいブロードバンド規制=オープンインターネット関連法案(ネット中立化関連法案)= F.C.C. Internet Planに対して賛否両論が巻き起こっています。FCCは2010年3月に全米ブロードバンド計画を発表したばかりです。その法案化の動きですね。
  全米ブロードバンド計画の中心はインターネット動画=ネットフリックスやスカイプビデオ、YUOTUBE、USTREAMなどのスマートテレビ関連のトラフィック増大の支援です。USTREAMのようなライブサービスもいずれテレビでも見られるようになります。(現に日本でもHNKさんが電波とネットの同時放送を提唱していますよね。)
 重要な点はネットフリックスやグーグルテレビがオーオウンインターネットガイドに抵触する形で既存の放送企業から阻止行動がなされている点でしょう。 F.C.C. Internet Planは今後それを禁止しますので。
 共和党の一部は規制反対を叫んでいます。しかしスマートテレビの発展のためには必要な法制化です。12月中に議会で結論が出ます。
 規制が法制化されれば、グーグルテレビ阻止やコムキャストによるネットフリックスへの追加料金請求による阻止はできなくなります。
 以下訳しますと「FCC委員長ゲナコウスキー氏は固定ラインと無線ライン上で合法的なコンテンツの阻止行動を禁止するよう提案した!!」となります。

The proposal, by Julius Genachowski, would forbid both wired and wireless Internet service providers from blocking lawful content.

 しかし裁判所はあまり厳しい規制は望んでいません。FCCに激しすぎる規制の権限はないという判断を下していますので。一方民主党はもっと厳しい規制を求めています。シリコンバレーは概して賛成派であり、地上波やCATVや情報通信系は概して嫌な顔をしています。
 ★★ Mixed Reaction to F.C.C. Internet Plan
 http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/02/technology/02fcc.html?_r=2&ref=technology

The proposal, by Julius Genachowski, would forbid both wired and wireless Internet service providers from blocking lawful content. It would also require broadband Internet service providers to give consumers basic information about how the companies manage their networks and would forbid discrimination in transmitting lawful content.
But it relies in part on a novel legal interpretation of how much authority the agency has over the Internet, one that some critics think is almost certain to invite Congressional opposition and court challenges. And it drew lukewarm support from one of the most important voices in the debate, Michael J. Copps, an F.C.C. commissioner, who has advocated stricter regulation and whose vote the chairman will need in order to get an order approved by a majority vote of the five-member commission.
“It’s no secret that I am looking for the strongest protections we can get to preserve an open Internet, built on the most secure legal foundation, so we don’t find ourselves in court every other month,” Mr. Copps said. Noting that this is only the beginning of discussion about the proposal, which is likely to change before it becomes final, Mr. Copps added: “At issue is who will control access to the online experiences of consumers — consumers themselves or Big Phone and Big Cable gatekeepers.”
The proposal received strong support from prominent venture capitalists in Silicon Valley, and there was both praise and complaint among companies that would be affected. The wireless phone company Sprint said that it “commends the F.C.C. for the careful and deliberate approach it has taken on this issue.”
Verizon, the nation’s largest wireless phone company, was less impressed. Thomas J. Tauke, a Verizon executive vice president said, “The F.C.C.’s authority to act in this area is uncertain, and Congress has indicated a strong interest in addressing this issue.” Mr. Tauke said any new rules should be temporary, which would “encourage Congressional action, while showing appropriate deference to Congress.”
In aiming to enforce the nondiscrimination and no-blocking rules, which together make up a concept known as net neutrality, Mr. Genachowski is wading back into an area where a federal appeals court said in April that the agency has limited authority.
Because broadband service is classified as a loosely regulated information service, the F.C.C. had to prove that any regulation of it supported an expressly designated power of the agency, something that the court said the F.C.C. had failed to do.
Now, Mr. Genachowski thinks he has found a way around the court’s ruling, according to a senior F.C.C. official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the chairman’s proposal was subject to change
.

 ★★ F.C.C. Chairman Outlines Broadband Framework
   http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/01/technology/01fcc.html?ref=federal_communications_commission

For wireless broadband, the fastest-growing segment of the industry, the proposal includes a transparency requirement and “a basic no-blocking rule” covering Web sites and certain applications that compete with services that the broadband provider also offers.
But Mr. Genachowski says he recognizes “differences between fixed and mobile broadband,” and therefore will allow for flexibility for wireless rules. But he said he planned to “address anticompetitive or anticonsumer behavior as appropriate.”
The issue of an open Internet, or net neutrality, dates to at least September 2005, when the F.C.C. unanimously voted to classify Internet access service as an “information service” subject only to regulation under powers previously given by Congress to the F.C.C. That kept it out of the more-regulated category of “telecommunications services,” which, like telephone service, are subject to rate review and other regulation by the commission.
At the same time, the commission adopted an Internet Policy Statement that set out principles for an open Internet and expressed its view that it had the jurisdiction necessary to ensure that providers of Internet access operated their services in a neutral manner, not discriminating on the basis of content.
In 2008, the F.C.C. issued a finding that Comcast had violated federal Internet policy when it secretly blocked or slowed down the transmission by its customers of information via BitTorrent, a so-called peer-to-peer service that allows users to share large files.
Comcast challenged the F.C.C.’s order, claiming that the commission lacked the authority to regulate how it managed its Internet service because doing so was not ancillary to any legal authority given to the commission by Congress.
In April, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ruled in Comcast’s favor, saying that the F.C.C. lacked the authority to enforce nondiscrimination principles over an information service.
Since that ruling, the commission’s authority to regulate broadband service has been uncertain and hotly debated.

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